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Pine Pollen Powder

  • Pine pollen tablet
  • pine pollen and lion's mane tablet
  • Raw pine pollen powder is naturally dried in glass house
  • Pine pollen is naturally dried in glass house
  • pine pollen powder in 1kg/bag
  • Pine pollen powder in 25kg/drum package
  • pine pollen powder in fiber drums

Pine pollen powder has been used extensively in Asia traditionally because of its outstanding adaptogenic property and also is the most potent plant source of testosterone ever know in modern research.


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Pine Pollen Powder/Cell Wall Cracked Pine Pollen
【Source】: Pinus massoniana grown in Yunnan Province belong to Himalayan Mountains
 Cell wall cracked ratio>98%,protein>10%,250 mesh

【Appearance】: Light yellow fine powder
【Packing】: 1kg,2kg,5kg/bag (packed in an aluminum foil bag outside; double-layer PE inside); 25kg/fiber drum.
【Physicochemical index】:
Heavy Metal <10ppm(As <1ppm, Pb <2ppm, Hg <0.2ppm);
Pesticides Residues <1ppm;
Total Plate Count <1000cfu/g (Yeast & Mould <100cfu/g, Salmonella: Negative, E.Coli: Negative).

Pine Pollen Powder Source: Pinus massoniana grown in Yunnan Province belong to Himalayan Mountains
Our Pine Pollen is gathered in the Yunnan Province in Southwestern China–an area roughly 152,000 sq miles, with the northwestern region displaying impressive mountain ranges and river valleys–including the vast pine forests. This part of Yunnan is the Tibet Autonomous Zone and is the foot of the eastern most edge of the HimalayanMountains. This is where our pine pollen is gathered once a year. The YunnanProvince is home to the richest plant life of all of China and has been a top destination for many naturalists from the US and Europebecause of its natural beauty and diverse plant and animal life. Because of the geographic isolation and because of the geographic nature of the northwestern area of Yunnan, the forest where our pine pollen is harvested from is far from industry.

Manufacturing Process

  • Raw Pine Pollen harvested from pine trees
  • Remove the impurities by Airflow Separation technology
  • Break the wall by High-speed Airflow Cell Cracking Technology/Vibrating Cell Wall Cracking Machine
  • Pass through 250 mesh vibrating screen
  • Packing
  • Sterilization
  • Detection of physicochemical index
  • Put in storage

1. Raw pine pollen Collection: Farmers pick up the Ripe Pine Pollen Catkins from the pine trees by hand.
2. Remove the impurities(sand,dust or spore bud) by Airflow Separation technology by using the theory of goods with different weights will fall down at different distance.
3. Breaking the cell wall by Airflow Cell Wall Cracking Machine/Vibrating Cell Wall Cracking Machine
Airflow cell wall cracking machine consists of air supply unit, feeding unit, grinding unit, powder grading unit and powder collecting unit. When the raw pine pollen is fed from the feeding mouth and mixed with the fresh compressed air from the air supply unit, the supersonic airflow generated by the ejector will makes the raw pine pollen granules/particles crash with each other and the cell wall will be damaged during this process. After the pine pollen granules/particles having reached the required fineness, they will be released by the grading unit on the top of the machine and are collected and packed by the powder collecting unit at the bottom of the machine.
Vibrating Cell Wall Cracking Machine: The raw pine pollen is fed into the crushing chamber through a hopper and crushed through crashing and grinding with grinding bar inside the chamber under the effect of vibration. And the machine is equipped with water cooling unit to control the temperature inside the crushing chamber. In addition, the machine is operated under full close conditions without dust flying and environmental pollution.
4. Pass through 250 mesh sieve to ensure the particle size of final pine pollen to be 95% pass 250 mesh sieve.
5. Sterilization by Microwave sterilization/ High Temperature & High Pressure in short time (5-10 seconds)
Microwave sterilization machine
 could avoid high temperature inactive the ingredients in pine pollen powder, since some active ingredients in pine pollen powder may loose their bioactivity at above 40 degree celsius. Compared with microwave sterilization, High Temperature & High Pressure in short time (5-10 seconds) could avoid microwave contact but it may cause some loss on nutrients.
6. Detection of physicochemical index
Conduct the in-house test on the heavy metals content and total plate count to ensure the final product is confront with data stipulated in Pharmacopoeia.
7. Packing&Warehousing
Pack the products in double food-grade plastic bags inside and fiber-drum outside in 25kg per drum and store the packed pine pollen in cool&dry warehouse where is away from direct sunlight and heat.

Why the Pine Pollen Cell Wall Need to be Cracked?
Pine Pollen is surrounded by hard sporoderm/cell/shell which likes an armour to protect the nutrition inside the cell wall. The cell wall of pine pollen can stay the same when soaked in caustic soda or in boiling water, as well as strong radioresistance character. A study conducted by a Japanese scholar on pine pollen by increasing the radiological dose on Pine Pollen and found that the cytoplasm dead volume is 77.4-129 C/KG while the human radiation lethal dose is only 0.15 C/KG; which can show that pine pollen cell wall has extraordinary strong stability and radioresistance character. Digestive juice of human or any monogastric animal can not break the Pine Pollen cell wall. Therefore, for better consumption of nutrition inside the cell wall, physical breaking of pine pollen cell wall is necessary.

Pollen grains are wrapped in the solid shell, which protects the nutrients and hereditary substance in it as an “armor”. The pollen wall has a great capacity of not only with standing being soaked in caustic soda and boiled in water but also resisting radioactivity. Experiments made by Japanese scholars by increasing the radioactive dose shows that the lethal dose of radiation on human beings is 0.15 coulomb/kilogram whereas a dose of 77.4-129 coulomb/kilogram on pollen cells demonstrates the marvelous solidity and anti-radioactivity properties of the pollen shell.

It is originated in Japan that the digestive juice of human beings and monogastric animal can not break down the sporoderm/cell/shell of the pollen, thus the sporoderm/cell/shell has to be removed before all the nutrients in pollen can be absorbed. However, European and American countries that have popularized pollen products hold that the pollen with a sporoderm/cell/shell or without a sporoderm/cell/shell can both be absorbed by the body. For many years, no agreement has been reached on this issue whether it is necessary or not to break the pollen sporoderm/cell/shell. This argument has captured the great attention of nutritionists. Many studies have been carried out on the cell-cracking of pollen by experts at home and abroad as a scientific research subject.

The study on the microforms and nutrients has been made by the Trace Element Research Laboratory of the General Hospital of the PLA with an analytic comparison on the nutrients of natural pollen and cell cracked pollen and a discussion has been provided on the effect of the cell cracking on the pollen structure and nutrients after an observation on the changes of the microforms before and after the sporoderm/cell/shell is cracked with the scanning electron microscope.

Pine pollen is a kind of faint yellow powder with a light texture easy to flow and a soft feel of lubricity. The fluid property of pine pollen can be perceived when a bottle with it is being shaken but the fluid properties are lost when its sporoderm/cell/shell is cracked with the high speed airflow pulverization method causing the change on its physical properties, unable to flow due to the tremendous adhesiveness of the cell cracked pine pollen.

The vesicae shed and separate themselves from the pollen grains under the mechanical force while they are crashing with one another under the force of the high speed airflow during the cell cracked process. The main bodies of the cell cracked pollen grains are relatively enriched due to the fact that the vesicae are easy to be carried by the high speed airflow for its special physical structure and get lost with the force of the airflow.

Comparison of Cell Cracked and Uncracked Pine Pollen Powder
Uncracked pine pollen is much more golden yellow in color, entwisted with sense of lubrication, easy to lift up in the air. When uncracked pine pollen is shaken in a sealed transparent container, it could be found that it has a better flowability.

In process of cell cracking by high-speed airflow, the appearance and some physical properties undergo a lot changes. The color is changing to lighter yellow. Under the microscope, we could find airbag structures have been separated from pine pollen grain main structure and pine pollen grain is not complete like before. This will result in pine pollen looses its fluid/flowability characteristic, instead cell cracked pine pollen is with a strong adhesivity and is hard to lift up in the air.

Fig.1: Cell wall un-cracked pine pollen                                    Fig. 2: Cell wall cracked pine pollen powder
Color: Golden yellow                                                                   Color: Light yellow
Particle size: About 80 mesh                                                       Particle size: 300 mesh (cell cracked ratio>98%)
Character:                                                                                     Character:
1). Rough particle with obvious granular sensation;                    1). Finer particle;
2). Easier to lift in the air with higher flowability;                         2). Higher viscosity and lower flowability;
3). Weaker bitterness in taste;                                                       3). Stronger bitterness in taste;
4). Most floating on the surface of water(Fig.3).                           4). Most suspending or dissolving in water

How to Make a Preliminary Judgment on Pine Pollen Powder Quality?

  • Visual Judgment: To observe whether the color of pine pollen is normal or not, high quality pine pollen is usually in light/pale yellow. Other colors like greenish yellow or light brownish may because some additives or impurities are mixed in.
  • Smell: High quality pine pollen powder is supposed to be with a strong smell of aroma of pine trees. If there is any musty smell, it means the powder is defective and losing its freshness.
  • Taste: Pine pollen powder has a bitter taste and cell cracked pine pollen will have a stronger bitterness. If there is no bitterness or one feel a sense of sand in mouth, it may be because the pine pollen is not pure enough (the former may be because sugar or other additives are mixed in; the later is because the impurities are not screened out).
  • Test: One may take a small amount of pine pollen powder and rub it on the back of the hand to see whether the pine pollen powder could penetrate into the skin and whether one feels the powder is fine and smooth. High quality pine pollen power could penetrate in the skin and with a fine and smooth touch.

You also could get a small amount of pine pollen power in the water to observe the state in the water. Cell cracked pine pollen powder tends to dissolve and suspend while uncracked pine pollen float on the surface.

Steps to Take Pine Pollen Powder

  • Get around 5 grams pine pollen powder in a coffee cup or any cup you like.
  • Mix with less than 40 degrees Celsius water with pine pollen power because some ingredients may loose their bioactivity in above 40 degrees Celsius water. One could also add some honey or milk according to your preference.
  • Fully stir the pine pollen powder, and drink before it cools off.

Forms of Pine Pollen Products and their Difference
There are pine pollen powderpine pollen extractpine pollen tablet, pine pollen capsule and pine pollen tincture available in the market. Pine pollen powder in the market refers to cell wall cracked one, because this could help absorption. Pine pollen tablet is generally made of cell cracked pine pollen powder; and the most regular specification is 500mg per tablet. Pine pollen capsule is mostly 300mg per count due to the density of pine pollen powder is small. Pine pollen tincture is an alcohol extracted herbal preparation. Some people may be confused whether there is any difference between the powder form (including pine pollen tablet and capsule) and pine pollen tincture. The pine pollen powder generally carries complete nutrition like vitamins, minerals and antioxidants however less androgenic substances. Pine pollen tincture is with higher androgens such as testosterone and is easier to be absorbed. The reason is that pine pollen powder is taken from digestive tract while pine pollen tincture is more absorbed through blood stream with the help of alcohol.

Recommended Dosage

  • Pine pollen powder/tablet/capsule
    General health preservation: 5g each time, twice a day;
    Sub-healthy people: 10g each time, twice a day;
    High blood sugar, blood fat and blood pressure and chronic hepatitis: 15g each time, twice a day;
    liver cirrhosis, cancer and chemoradiotherapy treatment: 20g each time, twice a day.
  • Pine pollen tincture
    Most recommended dosage for a 2:1 pine pollen tincture is 1/2 to 1 dropper twice daily and you could start with a small amount (like a half or full dropper) and increase over time to find what works for you.

Historical Records
Due to the nutritional value and its longevity tonic benefits for boosting energy and immunity, the pine pollen powder was widely used with a long history throughout Asia especially in China and Korea. Pine pollen powder is firstly recorded in the Chinese classic piecework Shennong’s Herbal Classic in Han dynasty over 2,000 years ago. Nowadays it is still used in a lot of food products like as a kitchen baking ingredient to be added in flour in cakes in China andKorea. Also because of the long application history, most of wild pine pollen products are from Asian countries. 

Realization of pine pollen powder benefits in the Western countries is from recent years, most people know this miracle herb from the book of Stephen Harrod Buhner. In his book “The Natural Testosterone Plan” and “Pine Pollen: Ancient Medicine for a New Millennium.”, Stephen argue that pine pollen given its potency, its similarity to ginseng in some of its actions, and its status as, perhaps, the premier phytoantrogen on the planet, should have been recognized long before now as the powerful medicinal that it is.”

Pine pollen has been officially recorded from the earliest Tang materia medica/ Xin Xiu Ben Cao (A.D. 657-659) in Tang dynasty to modern China Pharmacopeia with a history of more than 1500 years in China. And Traditional Chinese Medicine and traditional health preservation study share the same theory and both believe “All the herbs could be medicines” and “Medicine and food shares homological origin”; therefore the application of pine pollen always accompany with the development of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Modern studies and researches on pine pollen not only further prove the conclusion of Traditional Chinese Medicine on pine pollen but also add something new.

Applications in Traditional Chinese Medicine

The first pharmacological work is Shen Nong’s Herbal Classic/ Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing completed during Qin and Han dynasty(about A.D. 200). The book are composed by 3 sections and recorded 365 kinds medicines including 252 kinds herbal medicines, 67 kinds animal medicines and 46 kinds mineral medicines. And Shen Nong’s Herbal Classic is the first pharmacological work that recorded pine pollen; and its concise expressions make it the essence of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

And medical experts in the following dynasties added some new information on basis of the original version, and there are more than 30 versions developed afterthat. The enlarged edition in Tang Dynasty named Tang materia medica(A.D. 657-659) has been the first national pharmacopeia in the world which is 883 years earlier than first European Nuremberg Pharmacopoeia published in 1542 by government. Although there are other pharmacological works earlier than Tang materia medica(A.D. 657-659) has proven that pine pollen being used before Tang Dynasty, while Tang materia medica(A.D. 657-659) was the first official pharmacological work to record the applications of pine pollen in China.

Records In Pharmacological Works/Pharmacopoeia In Different Periods In China
Shen Nong’s Herbal Classic in Han Dynasty (about A.D. 200)
“Pine pollen tastes sweet and mild with no toxicity, mainly helping with vicious Qi from cold and fever in heart and abdomen, inducing urination, eliminating extravasated blood, nourishing Qi, strenghting energy, extending lifespan for long-term consumption.”
Tang materia medica in Tang Dynasty (A.D. 657-659)
“Pine pollen also names pine yellow because it looks like cattail pollen, long-term intaking can lighten the weight and its treatment effect is even better than pine bark, leaf and resin”.
Expanded Herbal Foundation/Ben Cao Yan Yi in Song Dynasty(A.D 1116)
“The yellow powder of the pine flower was named as pine yellow, people in mountain area collect in time and make it as a delicious pastry. However it can’t be preserved for a long time, it was seldom transported to a far-away place. Pine yellow looks like cattail pollen but with a lighter taste, it can treat postnatal high fever, headache, dry mouth&lips, agitation, thirst, muddle&unpleasant mood as well.”
Compendium of Materia Medica /Ben Cao Gang Mu in Ming Dynasty(A.D 1590)
“Pine pollen tasting sweet, mild, with no toxicity, running cardiopulmonary, nourishing Qi, expelling wind, stopping bleeding and brewing wine as well.”
New Compilation Of Materia Medica/Ben Cao Cong Xin in Qing Dynasty(A.D 1757)
“Pine pollen is effective to cure various of variola, sores, hurts as well as rotten wound which can’t scab by itself.”
Concise Compendium Of Materia Medica/Jing Bian Ben Cao Gang Mu (2010)
Shizhen Li(writer of Compendium Of Materia Medica) described that pine tree is tall and straight, with rough and thick bark like fish scale, blooming during February and March with 4 to 5 inches length flower, flower naming pine yellow, the fruit being in pig’ heart shape and naming pinecone. Pine yellow or pine pollen tastes sweet with a mild feature and no toxicity. It can nourish heart and lung, tonify qi, expelling wind and stopping bleeding.
Chinese Pharmacopoeia(Edition 1985)
Pine pollen is dried pollen collected from fringes of Pinus Massoniana Lamb., Pinus Tabulaeformis Carr., and Pinus Yunnanensis Franch when pine trees bloom at the beginning of spring.
Feature: light yellow fine powder, light weight, smell and taste, with smooth feeling when entwisted by fingers,.
Identification: Under microscope, raw pine pollen is with elliptic cell with 45-55 micrometer length, 29-40 micrometer diameter, smooth surface and inflated gasbags at both sides which shows obvious reticular texture and polygonal mesh shape.
Property: Sweet, mild, medicine for liver and spleen
Main functions: Eliminating dampness, with function of astringency and hemostasis, treatment of eczema, impetigo, skin erosion,dripping ichor, traumatic bleeding, diaper-induced dermatitis.
Usage and Dosage: External use
Shelf: Store in dry place and keep away from moisture
Detailed Explanation of 800 Kinds Chinese Medicine(2009)
Name: Pine pollen, pine pollen flower,pine yellow
Source: Pinus Massoniana Lamb., Pinus Tabulaeformis Carr., and Pinus Yunnanensis Franch mainly in Zhejiang,Jiansu, Lia ning, Jilin, Hubei, YunnanProvinces.
Collection and procession: Collect the pine Catkins when pine trees bloom during April and May and then naturally dry the pine pollen catkins to eliminate the impurities.
Specification and character: Pine pollen is light yellow fine powder and shown as tiny round cells under microscope. It is with light weight and easily to lifted in the air, with sense of smooth, mostly floating in the water, lighter smell and taste. The high quality pine pollen is those yellow, fine and smooth pollen with not impurities and great fluidity.
Identification: Under microscope, raw pine pollen is with elliptic cell with 45-55 micrometer length, 29-40 micrometer diameter, smooth surface and inflated gasbags at both sides which shows obvious reticular texture and polygonal mesh shape.
Property: Sweet and mild in property; medicine for liver and spleen. Tonify spleen&liver yang which could nourish liver and eliminate the wind, also with function of astringency and hemostasis.
Ancient and modern applications:
1.Tonifying spleen and qi, having great effect on gastropathy, duodenal ulcer as well as chronic constipation. The general dosage is 3 grams mixed with hot water. It also the function of anti-aging and senile diseases prevention such as prostatitis, prostatic hyperplasia, erectile dysfunction, climacteric syndrome, constipation, liver cirrhosis and fatty liver.
2. Eliminate inner wind. It can help wind dizziness, headspin, swelling, numbness and skin diseases. The method of application suggested is to dissove the pine pollen with certain concentration ethanol(liqueur).
3. Used for alcoholism, headache, dizziness, obstructed throat, diarrhea with clear intestinal juice and withering mental condition. The typical TCM formula contains pine pollen(30g), dried tangerine peel(15g), coptis chinensis root(15g), liquorice root(6g) and stir frying these ingredients and mill to powder, 6g a time twice a day(morning and evening).
4. Used for lingering dysentery with the dosage of 10g pine pollen taken by water in which rice has been cooked.
5. Used for infant eczema. External use the mixture of pine pollen, calamine and egg oil on infected part, 3 times a day.
6. Used to treat diaper dermatitis because its hygroscopic effect. Smear the pine pollen on infected skin.
7. Used to prevent traumatic bleeding because its stypticity function. External smear the pine pollen on the trauma or wound.
8. Facial beauty function mixed with poria cocos and whitish honey.
Usage and dosage:
Internal use: Decocted with water or soaked in liqueur with 3 to 6 grams pine pollen
External use: Smear on the affected part after mixing with liquid
Modern researches:
Compositions of pine pollen include grease, pigment, protein, more than 20 kinds amino acid  like methionine, lysine, valine, threonine, leucine and so on, 14 kinds vitamins, 24 kinds mineral element like iron, phosphorus, sulphur, selenium, potassium, calcium,zinc, manganese, copper and so on, 18 kinds natural active enzymes, plant hormone, aromatic compound and so on.
Pharmacologic actions include immunity enhancement, anti-aging function, lowering blood fat, digestive function improvement, inhibit of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, exciting hematopoietic function, promoting&strengthening the growth, expansion of coronary artery, increasing vascular toughness and protecting function on experimental hepatic injury.

Records Of Pine Pollen in Health Preservation and Dietary Therapy Applications in Different Periods in China
As one of the most important contents and methods of China’ traditional health preservation study, dietary therapy science has a long history. Purpose of dietary therapy is very clear to prevent the diseases before it occurs.Huangdi Neijing(during the Warring States period, 770-221 B.C) as one of the existed TCM theory books has discussed the principle of dietary therapy. Also in the Pre-Qin Period (Before 221 B.C.) “Dietary Therapy Science” had been recorded in book Zhou Li/ Rites of Zhou in which there were lots of philosophical comments on the relationship between drinks&food and diseases, which became part of foundation of Chinese medicine theory of prevention the disease before it occurs. From Tang Dynasty(618-907 A.D.), there are many kinds of editions of Shi Liao Ben Cao/ Dietetic Materia Medica which recorded different kind of food-medicines, in which there were a lot of records of pine pollen being used in soup, cakes, and brewing wine as a significant food-medicine.
Shi Liao Ben Cao/ Dietetic Materia Medica in Tang Dynasty
Pine Pollen Honey Juice that recorded in this book describing the production process as mixing 5 kilograms honey with 0.5 kilogram pine pollen which could promote the facial looks after a long-term intaking.
Pine Pollen Eulogia by Sushi in Song Dynasty
Internal use or external use of mixture of 0.5 kilogram pine pollen, 400 grams cattail pollen, 50 grams sophora flower, 50 grams apricot blossom and 1 kilograms honey could keep a red and white face(description of a pleasant appearance condition in China) to the old.
Shan Jia Qing Gong in Song Dynasty.
The production process of pine pollen cakes was mentioned in this book: People collect pine flower powder when pine tree blooming in spring and add it with water and rice flour, seal the mixture up for several days then model it according to the shape of ancient dragon cakes. This cake not only smells sweet and tastes pleasant but also it can make appearance more beautiful and can help people’s will.
Qun Fang Pu in Ming Dynasty
“When the pine caktins blooms during February or March, flower length arrives at three or four Chinese inch. And people spread out the ground with a cloth when the pine pollen is ripe, strike and collect its stamen named pine yellow. It can expel wind, stop bleeding and cure dysentery. Added with brown sugar it can make cakes full of nice smell, and the cakes are suggested to be taken soon because the shelf life is short.
Sui yi Ju Ying Shi Pu in Qing Dynasty
“Collect the yellow powder on pine pollen timely and mix with white granulated sugar as the cake stuffing, the cakes taste nice and have the function of keeping warm; or the powder could be take alone with hot water which could treat the dysentery.”
TCM Dietotherapy Collection/Zhong yi Shi Liao Fang Quan Lu(2000)
Pine yellow cake
Ingredients: 6g pine pollen powder, 100g flour, q.s. wheat flour
Production process: Collect the pine catkins in Spring, eliminate the impurities and then mix with honey as the cake stuffing; mix wheat flour with water as the cake skin, stuff the pine pollen stuffing inside and then steam the cakes.
Usage: Taken in the morning and evening
Benefits: Heath-care and prolong life
Function: Help all kinds of aging conditions.

Pine pollen application history in Japan, South Korea and North Korea
In ancient times, Japan, Sourth Korea and North Korea were greatly influenced by traditional Chinese culture. Many famous medical works like Tang materia medica/ Xin Xiu Ben Cao and Compendium of Materia Medica have been first introduced to Japan, South Korea and North Korea in a few years after they completed, and these great medical works not only enriched the medical theories but also made great contributions to the people’ health of above 3 countries. In the history of above 3 countries, the development of medical science and health preservation was always affected by theories of TCM and Health Preservation; even today this influence still plays an important role.

There is an old saying in Japan “イナバの白兎がガマの稲綿にくるまった” which means the softness of pollen is even superior to rice, cotton and fur of rabbit. In ancient Japan, pine pollen was first used as a cure to many diseases in Japanese palace and among the common people. And from the treating records available at present, we can found the prescriptions are from ancient Chinese medical works. There are also records that ancient Japanese people consume pine pollen, especially the residences in Ibaraki PrefectureJapan with a long history of intaking pine pollen.

The application of pine pollen in Modern Japan is much more popular. The Japanese food is famous for its strictness of selecting raw materials and delicate making process. And the Pine Pollen Powder Cold Noodles has been a featured food for many Japanese restaurants at present which can show the importance of pine pollen application in Japan.

In the field of medicine, the healing effect that pine pollen on Prostate Disease has been discussed and researched the most such as Doctor Saito in Urology Department Nagasaki University Japan who has done a lot of researches and experiments and promoted the application of pine pollen in clinical medicine.

Japanese medical studies believe pine pollen has the function of anti-aging, blackening the beard and hair, elimilating the freckles and skin scars as the “Source of Beauty”. Especially they believe pollen has special function to blacken the gray hair, long-term consumption of pollen to promote the hair growth and turn the gray hair to black as an ideal hair-beauty agent. Practice has proven that an obvious effect can be seen for hair beauty after intaking pine pollen around half a year.

Both South Korea and North Korea belonged to old Joseon Dynasty and the family name of Chosun Dynasty governor is “Li” therefore it also named as “Li Dynasty” which has ruled Korean peninsula for 519 years from 1392 to1910. And during this period the famous medical work as Dongui Bogam (동의보감) is a Korean book compiled by the royal physician, Heo Jun (1539 – 1615) and was first published in 1613 during the Joseon Dynasty of Korea. The title literally means “Mirror of Eastern Medicine”. The book is regarded important in traditional Korean medicine and one of the classics of Oriental medicine today. As of July 2009, it is on UNESCO’s Memory of the World Programme. It is expected to be translated in English by 2013. The original was written in Chinese alphabet and only part of it was transcribed in Korean for wide nursery use, as only officials understood old Chinese. The value of this book to Korea medical development is what Compendium of Materia Medica to Chinese. In this book, pine pollen is also recoded and described as” pine pollen is sweet, mild, heart and lung nourishment, qi tonifying medicine and with function to stop bleeding.

In another works named Annal of Joseon Dynasty(The Annals of the Joseon Dynasty, also known as The True Record of the Joseon Dynasty, are the annual records of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea, which were kept from 1413 to 1865 and recorded the information concerning political, military, diplomacy, law, medical treatment, food, religion and other aspects.), there are a lot of records of pine pollen as a necessary daily aulic food ingredient which is applied to cakes, tea foods and brewing the wine. Till now, such pine pollen tea food that originated from royal palace is still a well-known food in South Korea.

Another paragraph in this book records that pine pollen collection has been an imposed work for all the national people which invested a lot of labor force each year as a result the monks had to be forced to collect the pine pollen in the mountains when the labor force was not enough. And pine pollen has been a tribute to royal palace with a large demand at that time.

As an addition, the pine pollen that Japan, South Korea and North Korea adopted in ancient time is from Pinus Densiflora Siebold et Zuccarini after many researches were conducted. Pinus densiflora, or Japanese red pine, has a wide distribution in korean peninsula that includes Japan, Korea, northeastern China(Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Shandong) and the extreme southeast of Russia (southern Primorsky Krai). In modern times, besides applied in medical products and upscale tea food, pine pollen has been widely used in cosmetic industries in South Korea, there being a lot of brands launched a series of pine pollen theme cosmetic products in recent years.

Nutritional Substances in Pine Pollen
Plant hormone in Pine Pollen
Pine Pollen is health food without any animal hormone, insect hormone, dope and toxic side-effects. Plant hormones are natural organic compounds that can regulate plant growth and belong to the steroid or simple organic acid family. Despite the use of “hormone”, they differ greatly from animal hormone in terms of the origin, biological synthesis, transmission process and effects in that it is just a growth factor for plants without any negative effect on the body.

Flavones in Pine Pollen
In phytochromes, bioflavonoids have a great amount in fruits and vegetables with colors. Pollen is the very part of the plant where pigments accumulate. Carotinoids and flavonoids are the most common plant pigments. Every 100g of pine pollen contains 29.26mg total flavonoids(rutin).

Flavonoid has a lot of functions such as lowering blood pressure, reducing lipidemia, preventing thrombosis, strengthening immunity, improving cardiovascular and cerebrovascular blood circulation, etc. Flavonoid, similar to vitamin C, is metabolized quickly, and evacuated by urine when it is in surplus.

As far as scientists are concerned, flavonoid is a newly discovered natural nutrient necessary for the body. The lack of flavonoid in the body will lead to cerebral dysfunction, inadequate cardiac function, blood vessel cirrhosis and brittleness. With small molecules it is easily absorbed by the body and enter fat tissues through blood barriers; hence, it has a general effect for many health conditions, such as anti-inflammation, anti-allergy and anti-tumor, restraining bacteria and virus, and preventing liver diseases and thrombosis.

Flavonoid should be taken consistently. With a fast metabolism it dose not accumulate in the body. Meanwhile, It has to be obtained from food, it can not be synthesized in the body.

Vitamins in Pine Pollen
The term of vitamin, meaning the element to preserve life, was first put forward by FUNK in 1912. Through constant researching, over 20 kinds of vitamins have been found out to be essential to the body. Vitamin can be divided into water-soluble vitamin (vitamin B family and vitamin C) and fat-soluble vitamin (vitamin A, β-carotene, vitamin D, vitamin E and vitamin K). Vitamin is an organic compound essential for maintaining the natural physiological functions of the body. They can not be synthesized in the body (or little is synthesized) and must be taken from the food. Each kind of vitamin has its own physiological function and can not be substituted. The body needs quite a small amount of them but they are absolutely indispensable.

The vitamins in the pine pollen exist in a biologically natural form in the cells, with full bioactivity and good absorptivity. They work together in the body. For example, vitamin A, C and E protect one another from being oxidized, and best effect will be obtained when they supplement each other; Vitamin B, B2 and B6 must be supplemented in the proportion of 1:1:1; Vitamin E and selenium supplement each other; Vitamin C can help the absorption of iron; Vitamin D helps the absorption of calcium. The absorption of the nutrients is a complicated process and more absorption does not mean better effect.

Minerals in Pine Pollen
Minerals are the inorganic components in the body. It can be divided into constant-element and trace element according to the content of them in the body. Constant-elements in the pine pollen are: potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium, phosphor, silicon, etc. Trace elements are: iron, zinc, selenium, manganese, molybdenum, etc. Each mineral in the body has its own physiological function. They can keep the acid-base balance in the body fluid. They are components and activators of many enzymes. The minerals in the pine pollen exist in the natural plants in the form of naturally biological form, with the characteristics of good absorptivity and no toxic side effect. Meanwhile, some mineral elements in pine pollen work with vitamins to keep the balance of the micronutrients in the body.

Amino acid in Pine Pollen
Amino acid, whose physiological function is to synthesize protein, is the fundamental unit of protein, which is the physical basis for life. It can maintain the nitrogen equilibrium and is the raw material for different enzymes, antibodies and some hormones and can also regulate their physiological functions. It provides heat energy for the body, promotes growth, replenishes the metabolic consumption, and maintains the normal osmotic pressure of capillary. Amino acids can be divided into essential amino acid and non-essential amino acid according to their nutrient value.

Under proper condition, the body can synthesize some kinds of amino acid and eight kinds of them have to be provided by foodstuffs. The eight kinds of amino acid are essential to the body, so they are called essential amino acids which fulfill an important physiological functions on the body. These eight kinds of essential amino acid are: isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, tryptophan, threonine, phenylalanine and valine. Children also need histidine.

The body needs a certain amount of each essential amino acid and they can only be fully utilized with a corresponding proportional pattern. WHO has laid down the standard for that and the food whose proportion of the essential amino acids meets the standard is considered highly nutritious. Pine pollen is basically up to the standard.

Enzymes in Pine Pollen
Enzymes, formerly called “ferments”, are complicated proteins with catalytic functions. Its catalytic capacity is regarded as the viability of enzymes. They are characterized by their high specificity. Nearly all the chemical changes of the organism take place under the catalysis of the enzymes. Enzymes have high catalytic efficiency, for one enzyme molecule catalyzes hundreds to millions of substrate molecules in one minute. Enzymes are usually named after their substrate or the characteristics of their functions. For example, amylase acts on the amylum, chymosin promotes the coagulation of milk, and glucose oxidase catalyzes the oxidation of glucose. Enzymes are also of great significance to the cure and diagnose of diseases, to the understanding of the nature of biological phenomenon as well as to the industrial and agricultural production.

Coenzymes are the small non-protein organic molecules essential for the catalysis of the enzymes.Most coenzymes are the derivatives of vitamins, for example, vitamin B12 participates in some physiological functions in the form of coenzyme. Pine Pollen naturally contains nearly a hundred kinds of enzymes needed by the body. They can promote the peristalsis of stomach and intestines, whet the appetite, regulate the assimilating function of the body and promote digestion and absorption. It has a good repairing effect on the gastric ulcer, duodenitis, atrophic gastritis, etc. It can regulate the immune system and endocrine system of the body. Having various kinds of natural enzymes and coenzymes as its major component is the prominent feature of the pine pollen among other heath foods.

Folic acid in Pine Pollen
Pine Pollen contains folic acid, with 934ug in each 100g of pine pollen.

Folic acid, also named vitamin Bc or vitamin M, is one member of the vitamin B family. It exists widely in the green leaves of plants and in the liver or kidney of animals. The yeast also has a good content of it. Folic acid deficiency in the body will cause anemia of giant cells, accompanied by leukocytopenia, pathological changes of gastrointestinal track as well as the stagnation of growth. Recent research has shown that folic acid has more other physiological functions for the body and can prevent many diseases.
(1) The homocysteine in the blood is a metabolic product of methionine. It will cause plaques by damaging the endothelial cells of heart and blood vessels. The folic acid in the blood can convert the homocysteine into methionine. Sufficient folic acid in the body can prevent the production of homocysteine, which will lower the incidence of cardiovascular diseases.
(2) Folic acid deficiency of pregnant women will damage the key parts of the baby’s spine and cause malformation of the baby’s neural tube, which will lead to death or deformity of the baby. Therefore, it is essential for the pregnant women to supplement an appropriate amount of folic acid. The WTO suggests that each fertile woman should take 400ug folic acid each day.
(3) Folic acid deficiency for women will cause a low level of folic acid in the blood, thus the genes of the cervical cells are easily damaged by the virus, increasing the incidence of cancer. Research has shown that women having a low level of folic acid are five times more likely to get cervical cancer than those with a normal level of folic acid. It is the same case with the rectum cancer.

Folic acid is mainly extracted from such foods as green leaves vegetable, orange and tangerine, soybean, carrot, meat, corn, milk, rhizome vegetables (e.g. potato), etc. But folic acid can’t endure light and heat. Most of it will be damaged when heated. Due to this factor, together with others such as malaborption, metabolic disorders, increase of excretion people have to take folic acid from other food.

SOD (Superoxide Dismutase) in Pine Pollen
Before we get to know SOD, we should first know about free radicals. Why will people get ill, age and die?Recent research in biological and medical field has shown that they are caused by free radicals, which are high-energy particles that ricochet wildly and damage cells. Free radicals can be produced by metabolism in the body or enters the body from outside. If the “garbage” and toxin in the blood can not be cleared away in time, they will produce free radicals. If the toxic substances from the outside enter the body through respiration or contact of skin, they will deposit to produce free radicals. Free radicals can destroy the cell membrane of the organism or even cut off the DNA chain, thereby quicken the aging of cells and reduce the immunologic function of the organism or even induce cancer. Now it is confirmed that semi-quinone free radical may cause lung cancer, lipid free radical may cause breast cancer, superoxide free radical does harm to all kinds of tissues. So free radical is called the cell-killer. Substances which can eliminate free radical are vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin A, coenzyme Q, glutathione, peroxidase, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and so on.

SOD is regarded as the most valuable substance to scavenge free radicals, inhibit cancer and aging, improve the immunity of the organism and control inflammation, etc. It was found by Mocord and Fnidovich in 1968. Superoxide dismutase is an enzyme directly involved in antioxidation process, whose components include zinc, copper, manganese and other trace elements. Pine pollen contains a large amount of antioxidant, such as vitamin E, vitamin B, β-carotene and trace elements, etc. All these can slow down peroxidization of lipid and protein in the body thereby fulfills the function of postponing aging. Regular intake of pine pollen can regain youth, eliminate the age pigment and prolong life.

Pine Pollen Benefits
Balance between Androgenand Estrogen in Human Body
Pine pollen powder offer one of nature’s most potent sources of androgenic substances as testosterone, as well as with certain amounts of other plant steriods including androstenedione, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and androsterone. In the book “Pine Pollen, Ancient Medicine for a New Millennium”, Stephen Buhner writes that it is a “potent overall tonic to the body and its functioning, powerful nutritive and exceptionally effective androgen which raises testosterone levels in the blood and balances the androgen/estrogen ratio.”

Estrogen and androgen are the main type of sex hormones and can be biosynthesized in the human body for maintaining a balanced endrocrine system thus work on human body. Androgens not only include testosterone and androstenedione, but also include the group of estrogens like estrone, estriol and estradiol as well as the third class of sex hormones called progestogens, like progesterone. Men produce larger amount androgens while women produce a larger amount estrogen. When we have a unbalanced hormone, we may suffer from a lot of symptoms like weight gain, insomnia, fatigue, low sex drive, depression and even more serious health problems. And pine pollen powder could supplement the deficiency and boost the recovery of certain hormone especially for those in middle aged adults whose testosterone, DHEA and androstenedione production undergoing a decrease with the aging, thus ease the male andropause and female menopause. Pine pollen powder could be taken with other testosterone boosting superfoods, including horny goat weed extract, tongkat ali extract, sting nettle root extract, maca root extract, tribulus terrestris extract, ashwagandha extract, ginseng root extract, cistanche extract and fenugreek seed extract as a testosterone supplements for a better result.

Sterols(Plant Hormone) in Pine Pollen
Pine Pollen is an androgen which means that it has the ability to raise testosterone levels effectively, as a naturally derived source of testosterone. Pine Pollen raises the testosterone levels in the blood and balances the ratio of androgens to estrogen. What bring the pine pollen with such effect on the hormonal levels are the sterols it carries. The sterols are basically plant steroids to help pine tress grow, which also could benefit humans in testosterone enhancement. And based on researches conducted, the content of total sterols in pine pollen is from 0.98% to 7.67%(1st, Aug. 2010, Suzhe Dong, preliminary study on Pine Pollen Quality) after testing several types and different sources pine pollen. And also their study found that cell cracked pine pollen powder has a higher sterols content than uncracked pine pollen.

Pine Pollen is health food without any animal hormone, insect hormone, dope and toxic side-effects. Plant hormones are natural organic compounds that can regulate plant growth and belong to the steroid or simple organic acid family. Despite the use of “hormone”, they differ greatly from animal hormone in terms of the origin, biological synthesis, transmission process and effects in that it is just a growth factor for plants without any negative effect on the body.

Pine Pollen is health food without any animal hormone, insect hormone, dope and toxic side-effects. Plant hormones are natural organic compounds that can regulate plant growth and belong to the steroid or simple organic acid family. Despite the use of “hormone”, they differ greatly from animal hormone in terms of the origin, biological synthesis, transmission process and effects in that it is just a growth factor for plants without any negative effect on the body. Pine Pollen contains phyto (plant type) of the androgen (male hormone) hormones, including androstenedione, androsterone, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), and testosterone. These hormones are almost bio-identical to human androgen hormones and are able to promote the body’s own production of androgen hormones. This give the pine pollen a very important healing property since androgens are very reparative to the body. These phyto-androgens provide the boday healing with continuously increased testosterone.

Plant hormones or Phytohormones are organic compounds that are synthesized in a particular part of a plant and then conveyed to other parts. Even in low concentration, phytohormones are able to regulate the growth and development of plants, as well as affect their ability to differentiate cells and tissues. Phytohormones affect the plants’ ability to respond to environmental stimuli. They are also responsible for the plants’ longevity and death, time of flowering, as well as in the development and ripening of fruit. Plant hormones are abundant in embryonic plant tissues and not in mature plant cells. Like plants, the human body also produces hormones and enzymes. In people and vertebrate animals, hormones act as chemical messengers that are utilized by the endocrine, nervous, and immune systems to convey unseen electrical impulses and chemical signals that would facilitate communication within a cell or between cell and/or among system organs. Hormones and enzymes also regulate body functions, control human behavior and integrate systemic functions – nervous, immune and endocrine systems, etc.

Plants cannot benefit from human hormones; however, plant hormones can do wondrous health effects to human health. Laboratory findings show that plant hormones can stimulate human immune cells that boost the body’s natural defense against stressors and diseases. There are three types of plant hormones that have shown promising benefits to us humans – Plant Growth Hormone (PGH), Plant Stress Hormone (PSH) and Plant Immune Hormone (PIH).

In Stephen Harrod Buhner’ book, The Natural Testosterone Plan: For Sexual Health and Energy, he writes:
”……Chemistry:Pine pollen contains large quantities of sterols,  steroid-like substances,that are exceptionally potent. Many of these are brassino-steroids. One such, brassinoloide, is a powerful growth stimulant toplants. As little as one nanogram applied to a bean sprout can cause tremendous growth in response. Other brassinosteroids, such as castasterone and typhasterol, are also common in pine pollen. The pollen also contains a variety of endogenous gibberellins and a number of glutathione transferases. Endogenous gibberellins are plant hormones that affect cell enlargement and division. Glutathione transferases posess wide actions in living systems. They detoxify xenobiotics such as chemical carcinogens and environmental pollutants and inactivate unsaturated aldehydes, quinones, and hydroperoxides that occur as metabolites of oxidative stress.More importantly, for this book, they are intimately involved in the biosynthesis of testosterone and progesterone. Plants that grow ground pine forests have come to depend on this potent nutrient source for their growth.In fact, brassinosteroids regulate gene expression in many plants. The pollen that falls to the ground or into water is generally taken up very quickly as a food and nutrient growth stimulant by other plants and living organisms in the area, including insects and animals. The brassinosteroids in pollen are actually very similar in structure to many animal steroid hormones and do exhibit steroidal activity. In addition, pine pollen contains significant amounts of human male hormones such as testosterone and androstenedione and relatively large quantities of amino acids, vitamins,minerals, and other nutrients……”

“……Analysis of pollen from P.sylvestris,P.nigra, P. bungeana, and P. tabulaeformis has shown the presence of androgenic constituents, including testosterone. Pinus nigra, or black pine, pollen contains the following androgens: androstenedione(0.7-0.8 mcg per 10g,0.000009% by weight), testosterone(0.7mcg per 10g,approximately 0.000009% by weight), dehydroepiandrosterone(DHEA;about 0.1 mcg per 10g, 0.0000015 by weight), and androsterone(approx. 0.2 mcg per 10g, 0.0000022% by weight). The testosterone in Pinus bunngeana pollen runs 11 nanograms per 0.1 grams dry weight, and that in P. tabulaeformis runs 27 nanograms per 0.1 grams dry weight.

Although these amounts might seem small, recall that it takes as little as four nanograms(one-thousandth of a microgram) to chance our sex to men while we are developing in the womb.That can be represented as 0.004 micrograms. Androgens are very potent chemicals. In comparison with that amount, P. nigra pollen contains 0.7 micrograms per 10 grams of pollen. The traditional oral dose of pine pollen in China is 4.5 to 9 grams per day……”

Research on the Therapeutic Effect of Pine Pollen on Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH) in Rats (2005,Cong Tao)
In studying the therapeutic effect of pine pollen on rats benign prostatic hypertrophy(BPH) and its mechanism. 24 SD rat were divided into 3 groups. 3 groups were fed with normal diet. The group 2 and group 3 were fed with 3 starch tablets(as placebo) and 3 pine pollen tablets per day respectively, and the group 2 and group 3 were be pari-fed with group 1. After two weeks, group 2 and group 3 were injected with testosterone propionate(4mg/kg) which was mixed with olive oil. At the same time, group 1 was injected with olive oil(1ml/kg) alone. 2 weeks later, the pathologic slices of prostate were observed, and the sex hormones contents, trace elements zinc, copper and antioxidantive enzymes of serum, prostate and liver were determined. The results showed that the prostate hyperplasia symptoms of pine pollen group are much better than those of placebo group. Testosterone level of group 3 is lower than that of group 2 and no distinct difference from control group. The estradiol level in serum of rats in group 3 is the lowest. Therefore the experiment comes the conclusion that intake of pine pollen could improve the symptoms of BPH and the preventive mechanism can regulate sex hormones balance.

At present, the index to measure the degree of BPH(Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia) is via prostate index and pathological section result. The above results shows that prostate weight, prostate index and prostate cell proliferation of pine pollen group rats are distinctly lower than placebo group rats which can clearly prove pine pollen has preventive and therapeutic effect on BPH(Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia).

Generally recognized 3 biochemical mechanism that trigger BPH are from 3 ways as male sex hormone, estrogen hormone and growth factor. Above experiment result shows that the serum testosterone content of BPH rats increase greatly which is because of the testosterone propionate injection. Testosterone level of pine pollen group rats is obviously lower than placebo group rats and the serum estrogen level is also lower than rest 2 groups. These differences show that pine pollen not only can effectively control rats serumtestosterone level but also can adjust the serum estrogen level. Above 2 ways can retract the hyperplastic prostate and own a better treating effect without side effects. And application of this plant male andro gamete(pine pollen) in treatment of sex organ diseases is also in conformity with the therapeutic principle of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

In addition, In vitro proliferation experiment is conducted on different sources of cells with pine pollen; the result shows that cells from prostate can be inhibited by pine pollen while the non-prostate sources cells are not. This means pine pollen has a selective inhibitory effect on prostatic cell proliferation, and has a better inhibitory effect on hormone insensitive cells than hormone-dependent cells.

Meanwhile, biochemical analysis showed that level of blood urea nitrogen and blood sugar of prostatic hyperplasia rats are lower than control group, creatinine level only showing a decreasing trend; which means the liver function of prostatic hyperplasia rats was affected at a certain degree thus adjusting function decreased. Weight, serum cholesterol, and triglyceride of pine pollen group rats have a distinct decrease. In conclusion, pine pollen not only can adjust the level of male and female hermone, play a therapeutic effect on BPH(Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia) but also can selectively inhibit the cells via a non-hormonal way; therefore it has a positive clinical meaning for medium-elderly men to take pine pollen in a long-term at a certain amount.

Neutralize the Side Effects of Xenoestrogens
In modern society, all kinds of pollutant from petroleum or chemical substances like herbicides, pesticides, plastics, BPA, dioxin and PCB’s bring the change to our living environment with a lot of estrogens. And all these exogenous estrogens have a negative effect on our health especially could blind our estrogen receptors, simulate estrogen and prevent normal hormone from functionning. This could trigger an redundant estrogens in both men and women and then a decrease in androgen which bring the possibilities of breast and prostate cancers, affect the growth and infertility. Pine pollen powder could help to neutralize the extra estrogen thus balance the ratio of estrogen and androgen in the human body.

Help Bodybuilding, Libido, Willpowder and Mood
Compared with synthetic anabolic-androgenic steroids, pine pollen powder as a natural source testosterone is rich in anabolic phytosteroids, which is helpful for athletes and body builders to increase the muscle mass and improve the endurance and overal performance without side effects. And testosterone also could help to promote the libido for both male and female. Men requires more androgen hormones for a healthy sex performance, pine pollen powder happens to be a natural source supplement to increase the sperm count and treat erectile dysfunction. In another aspect, balanced testosterone level could lead to positive feelings of well being, uplifted mood, stimulated sense of willpowder, and promoted enthusiasm for life. This is because pine pollen powder contains a type of substance named as phenylalanine which is the pecursor of levodopa, and as a result it could help to stimulate dopamine level in human brain.

Boost the immunity
Pine pollen powder contains a broad spectrum of nutrition such as protein, vitamins, minerals, amino acids, trace elements and other effective compositions. All these nutrition endows pine pollen powder with an adaptogenic benefits, which means it could help to increase the resistance of human body to daily stress and serve as a restorative agent to promote immunity. As an adaptogen, pine pollen powder could provide a protective function for human beings from radiation and other chemical contamination in our surrounding environment. Pine pollen powder also contains such antioxidants like glutathione and SOD. Glutathione is capable of preventing damage to important cellular components caused by reactive oxygen species such as free radicals, peroxides, lipid peroxides, and heavy metals. It is a tripeptide with a gamma peptide linkage between the carboxyl group of the glutamate side chain and the amine group of cysteine, and the carboxyl group of cysteine is attached by normal peptide linkage to a glycine. Glutathione is a necessary agent for the metabolism of certain vitamins and minerals such as iron, Vitamin C, Vitamin E and is involved in amino acid transport. It also inhibits cancerous growths, neutralizes free radicals and is vital for DNA synthesis and production. In addition, glutathione also works as a liver-detoxifying agent because the enzyme and glutathione S-transferase it contains.

Superoxide dismutase (SOD) is an enzyme that alternately catalyzes the dismutation (or partitioning) of the superoxide (O2−) radical into either ordinary molecular oxygen (O2) or hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Superoxide is produced as a by-product of oxygen metabolism and, if not regulated, causes many types of cell damage. Hydrogen peroxide is also damaging, but less so, and is degraded by other enzymes such as catalase. Thus, SOD is an important antioxidant defense in nearly all living cells exposed to oxygen. One exception is Lactobacillus plantarum and related lactobacilli, which use a different mechanism to prevent damage from reactive (O2−).

Skin Care
Arginine and sulfur-based MSM in pine pollen powder is very helpful to treat different skin conditions. Pine pollen contains the amino acid arginine as well as sulfur-based MSM, both of which are beneficial in the treatment of various skin conditions. Sulfur is an essential element for all life, but almost always in the form of organosulfur compounds or metal sulfides. Three amino acids (cysteine, cystine, and methionine) and two vitamins (biotin and thiamine) are organosulfur compounds. Many cofactors also contain sulfur including glutathione and thioredoxin and iron–sulfur proteins. Disulfides, S–S bonds, confer mechanical strength and insolubility of the protein keratin, found in outer skin, hair, and feathers. Sulfur is one of the core chemical elements needed for biochemical functioning and is an elemental macronutrient for all organisms. It can help to build keratin and collagen, two compounds essential for healthy nails, hair and skin tissue. The pine pollen powder can be used externally to help the treatment of eczema, rashes or even acne. Androgen steriods in pine pollen powder also help to promote tissue regeneration and prevent the degradation of collagen and elastin. Collagen and elastin are important ingredient maintain healthy skin.  Pine pollen powder has been used as a cosmetic raw materials to smooth the skin and keep a youthful looking of skin in China andSouth Korea with a long history.

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